Almost every adolescent is affected in some ways, often even adults: Acne is one of the most common skin diseases that occur in different types with different symptoms and severity.
The guy or the girl next door is just as immune to it as well-known Hollywood stars. The actresses Natalie Portman and Cameron Diaz, for example, declared that they suffered from pimples and red nodules (papules) in their youth, but also in adulthood under blackheads. These are the common symptoms of “simple” acne (acne vulgaris). “The genesis is not yet clear. Increased production of male sex hormones (androgens) in girls and boys in puberty may play a role. Today, studies also point to hereditary factors, “explains Ao. Univ. Dr. Gudrun Ratzinger, Dermatologist from Innsbruck. This is probably an interaction of several, influencing individual factors. To prevent the formation of scars should be treated with the dermatologist. This aims at alleviating inflammation and bacterial infection, reducing the overproduction of sebum and keratinizing the sebaceous gland openings. “A deterioration of the skin at the beginning of medical therapy is possible. The desired success often only occurs after six to eight weeks of treatment, “the expert points out.
Supportive are appropriate cosmetic treatments (check with the doctor) and balanced nutrition, adequate hydration and avoid excessive “sunbathing” to reduce discomfort. Malfunction of the immune systemAnother form that has nothing to do with the mentioned, usually understood by acne syndrome, is Acne inversa. “This is an independent disease with different causes and a different appearance,” explains Univ.-Prof. Dr. Klemens Rappersberger, Dermatologist in Vienna. “Clogging” certain sweat glands, so-called scent glands of the skin as well as the hair follicle, it comes to the backlog of secretions and “bursting” of the glands. Episode: inflammation, an overreaction of the immune system and abscesses, painful, inflammatory nodules, scars, typically under the armpit, in the groin or in the genital area. The disease occurs in bouts with different degrees of severity. Smoking or obesity also play a role.
“Acne inversa can not be cured, but can be treated very well,” says the expert. The therapy depends primarily on the severity and the individual complaints or needs of the patient. External applications (ointments, lotions) or systemic therapies (tablets, infusions, injections against bacterial infections) are used. “For a short time new drugs, so-called biologics, may be prescribed for severe Acne inversa. These are to be taken over the long term, sometimes over years, affect the immune system by inhibiting the inflammation and can alleviate or occasionally interrupt the course of the disease, “reports Prof. Rappersberger.
“Skin Understand” – currently in your pharmacy!
The skin is our largest organ and fulfills many important tasks for us. Therefore, she deserves special attention! The current guide “Skin Understanding” provides essential information on the most common skin diseases, including acne, eczema, psoriasis, eczema (atopic dermatitis), urticaria (hives), fungal infections, herpes zoster (shingles), genital herpes, etc. L eight comprehensibly processed, you will learn the current treatment options and get helpful tips. Also the different forms of skin cancer – including preventive measures! – will be introduced. The patient guide has been compiled together with experts and is available free of charge in Austria’s pharmacies. He is also underwww.gesundheitverstehen.at also available for free download.